Fin Garden in the city of Kashan

Fin garden A masterpiece of Iranian architecture

Fin Garden is a beautiful and spectacular garden in the city of Kashan. Its name is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. This garden draws you a magical place with overhanging trees. The fountains and the sound of running water along with the stone pavement under your feet.  Stay with Hey Persia.

The amazing yard of Fin garden

The size of the garden is over 33,700 square meters. Its regal appearance has led to the name of the King’s Garden. The wall, barrow, and cylindrical towers surround the central courtyard of this garden. Fin is an example of the garden of Iranian castles. 

Choosing this type of pattern and enclosing the beauty of the garden under the shelter of a high wall shows off the royal use of the garden. Thanks to these walls, the inhabitants can have a safe place under the shelter of the tower and barrow, and because of the volume, shape and height, the royal glory is displayed.

History of Fin garden in Kashan 

Generally, There are a lot of stories about the age of Fin Garden. Some attribute the early age of the garden to the time of Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty; But for the first time in historical sources, during the time of Yaqub Laith Safari, the founder of the Safari family, along with the Arab army from the central deserts of Iran, there is mention of a garden in this region. 

This source informs about the existence of a spring and a garden in a desert area. Some other experts, based on historical sources, believe that the Fin Garden dates back to the reign of Al-Buye.

Some consider the existence of Fin Garden and its development and progress to be related to the patriarchal era. Yagut Hamavi, the famous geographer and historian of the 7th century AH, has also mentioned about Kashan people’s excursions around Fin gardens.

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History of Fin garden in Kashan

How it became the wonder of Shah Abbas

In 951 AD and at the end of the reign of Shah Tahmasb, the second king of the Safavid dynasty, a terrible earthquake occurred and caused serious damage to the garden. The remains of that earthquake are located a few hundred meters away from today’s Bagh Fin, and it is known as the Old Bagh. 

After the death of Shah Tahmasb, two members of the Safavid family, including Shah Ismail II and Muhammad Khodabande (father of Shah Abbas), came to power and with their weak rule, they caused the Kashan government to fall into the hands of the Turkmens for several years and cause many disasters. 

Shah Abbas I, the most famous and the fifth Safavid king, after the suppression of the Turkmen sedition, issued orders for the construction and development of Kashan and the provision of means for the development and promotion of local industries and the improvement of the general situation, and Agha Khizranhavandi, the governor of Kashan, became the agent of their implementation.

Fin garden architecture

Fin’s vast garden is a garden that has followed all the standard principles of the garden in terms of architecture. One of the striking features of this garden is the presence of trees and water, which are living and attractive elements of this place, which, along with other buildings of this beautiful garden, have created a special and interesting architecture. 

Among the engineering tips that have been used in the design of Fin Garden is maintaining its symmetry, which has been of special importance in the past; But little by little, with the intervention of the kings ruling this city, its amount has also decreased, and the greatest amount of asymmetry in Bagh Fin was related to the Safavid era. One of the reasons for the uniqueness of this garden is its amazing and intelligent design.

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The passageways of Khorram Fin Garden play an important role in the architecture of this garden. Amir Kabir Library and Kashan National Museum are located in the east-west passage of the garden. You can see the Sardar mansion in the north-south passage of the garden, It’s by entering the south-north passage, you can see the Shtreglu mansion on the south side.

Fin garden architecture

Fin garden Hot pond

One of the most attractive parts of Fin Garden is the bubbling pond. The boiling pool has 160 holes. The functioning of these holes set so that the water did not overflow from the pond. This interesting feature made it a masterpiece in the art of water supply. The floor of this amazing pond is famous for It’s with plates, a beautiful pattern of Kashan carpets. At the beginning of Reza Shah’s reign, the tiles of this pond were removed by some looters. Unfortunately, some of these tiles were lost and some that remained were sold to the Louvre Museum in Paris.

twelve fountain ponds

Another wonder of Fin’s Green Garden is the Twelve Fountains Pond. This pond was famous during the time of Mohammad Shah Qajar. It is interesting to know that the reason for using ponds and fountains in gardens is to create an uplifting and relaxing feeling by watching clear water, hearing its sound and also cooling the air around the garden.

Beliefs of the Fin people

Accordingly, The people of this area believe that by throwing a coin into the water of the pond. After a while, their wishes will fulfill. This work is normal and it is a form of entertainment; however, its philosophy can find in the ancient Iranians and Zoroastrian religion. They call water holy and a symbol of purity. The Zoroastrian followers would give part of their property to the water goddess (Anahita) so that their homes would be holi.

Fin Garden well of fortune

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